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Origin / History The Pumi was created during the 1700s, when shepherding terriers from France and Germany were introduced to Hungary. One such terrier was the Puli, which played a vital role in the development of the Pumi. The Puli was crossed with French and German prick-eared sheepdogs to create the Pumi. The Pumi gradually gained popularity in Hungary over the years. In 1815, this dog was first mentioned by its name, but it wasn't until the 1920s that the Pumi became recognized as a separate breed.

Hungary is home to a wide variety of livestock dogs, and the Pumi is among the lesser known breeds. Dogs of this breed are very versatile, though, having been used for various purposes such as dog dancing, herding, agility, search and rescue, and even detection. They can also be used for hunting wild boar. This breed, although established in Europe and in North America, still has relatively small numbers outside its native country. In Hungary, the Pumi is considered a town dog, while the Puli is used mainly on high plains.

Appearance Pumis are small to medium-sized terrier-type dogs that originated in Hungary. They have an elongated muzzle and slightly oblique eyes that are dark in colour and have close-fitting lids. Their tail is often carried high, a result of the breed's cheerful temperament. These dogs have upright ears that are tipped forward. They have a deep chest and ribs that are somewhat flat. These dogs have strong feet with hard nails and elastic pads. The coat of these dogs is medium length and curly. Although their coat is thick and long, it is distinctive because it does not form cords and does not have the texture of felt.

Colours The coat of these dogs can come in various colours such as black, reddish brown, or  various shades of gray. These dogs, however, always have a solid-coloured coat. Pumis can also be white, but this colour isn't favored by breeders.

Temperament Pumis are versatile dogs that can serve as sturdy sheepdogs, guard dogs, and hunting dogs. Although they make great working dogs, they are also excellent family companions. These dogs are alert, energetic, determined, and watchful. They also function as good ratters. When at home, they are affectionate with their family members. They may, however, be shy around strangers.

Height and Weight These dogs stand at 13 to 19 inches and weigh between 18 and 33 pounds.

Common Health Problems Due to the rarity of this breed, any genetic health problems they may have are not yet known.

Living Conditions It is not recommended for Pumis to be kept inside apartments. These dogs are happiest when they are given work to do. They can also live and sleep outdoors, but should also be given chances to spend time with their family members.

Exercise Requirements These dogs love the outdoors and should be given much exercise. If not given a job to do, these dogs should be taken out for a walk or jog on a daily basis. These dogs will also enjoy activities such as chasing Frisbees and playing catch.

Training Requirements Pumis should be properly socialized at a young age so that they'll grow up to be well-mannered and well-adjusted dogs that can get along well with children and other dogs. Intelligent and quick to learn, these dogs are fairly easy to train. They may bark often though so owners should teach their Pumis to be quiet when barking isn't necessary.

Life Expectancy The life span of these dogs is approximately 12 to 13 years.

Grooming It's easy to groom the coat of the Pumi. Owners just need to comb and brush the coat of these dogs occasionally. It's also necessary to remove excess hair from the inside of the ears of these dogs.

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