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History The Patterdale Terrier had been developed in various areas in the north of England, which were unable to sustain agriculture and were too hilly for cattle. In this areas, sheep farming was the dominant farming activity. Farmers used terriers to drive away foxes and prevent them from preying on sheep and other small farm animals. Unlike dirt dens found in the south, the rocky dens prevalent in the north of England require Patterdale Terriers to be able to drive away foxes from rock crevices or wherever they are found. Due to the difficulty of digging in these areas, Patterdale Terriers are considered to be very tough dogs.
This breed is utilized for hunting small game in England, but it isn't commonly found outside that country. Some specimens of these dogs have been brought to the United States in 1978. Occasionally, it is used there for hunting groundhogs and raccoons. The United Kennel Club granted recognition to this breed in 1995.
Appearance Patterdale Terriers were bred to be working dogs, which is why their appearance may differ greatly. The head of these dogs are powerful and strong, and are well-balanced with their size. The length of their muzzle and skull is equal, but the muzzle may be slightly shorter than their skull. The teeth of these dogs are white and meet in either a level or scissors bite. Their eyes are squarely set and are fairly wide apart. Their eye colour should never be blue. These dogs have triangular ears that are small to moderate in size, and fold tightly just above their skull. They have strong and straight forelegs, and their elbows are set close to their body. The coat of these dogs may either be smooth or broken, and both types have a short and dense undercoat.
Colours The acceptable coat colours for this breed include liver, black and tan, bronze, red, black, grizzle, and liver. They may come in a solid colour or have white markings on their feet and chest.
Temperament Patterdale Terriers are very determined and focused hunters. These dogs are usually more concerned with hunting, which is why family isn't as important to them. They do, however, get along well with other dogs and can work as pack hunters. These dogs are also highly intelligent, but because of this, they may become defiant and stubborn.
Weight The height of these dogs is approximately 12 inches, and their weight is around 11 to 13 pounds.
Problems There are no health problems that are specific to this breed. Patterdale Terriers are considered very healthy dogs and the illnesses affecting them are those common to other dog breeds as well.
Living Conditions It's not advisable for these dogs to be kept inside apartments. They should be provided with at least a large yard where they can play and get enough exercise.
Requirements These dogs need much exercise, but it's best if they are given some work to do. Without work or exercise, these dogs may become destructive. They should be allowed to run around freely in a large, secure area, and it's important for these dogs to be taken out for long walks or jogs daily.
Training Requirements Patterdale Terriers may be challenging to train because they may have a tendency to be stubborn and defiant. Owners should know how to display strong leadership skills when training these dogs. It's important for these dogs to understand that humans are higher in pack rank than canines. Proper socialization should also commence at a young age.
Life Expectancy The life span of these dogs is approximately 11 to 13 years.
Grooming Owners just need to brush the coat of these dogs occasionally to remove loose and dead hairs. Bathing and dry shampooing these dogs should be done only when necessary.
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