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History Like many other ancient dog breeds, the exact origin of the Kuvasz is unclear. There are various theories regarding the origin of this breed, among which is the hypothesis that the Kuvasz is a sheepdog that went along with Turkish refugees and their flocks while fleeing to Hungary during the 1200s. It is said that these dogs were used for herding and for hunting wild game. Others claim that these dogs were already existing since the age of the Huns.
As with majority of European dog breeds, the Kuvasz didn't do well during the second World War. Once the war was over, there were only approximately 30 specimens of this breed left. Fortunately, though, the breed was rescued, and as of now, these dogs are gradually becoming more popular as family companions.
Appearance The Kuvasz is a massive, muscular, well-proportioned sheepdog with a medium-boned body. Dogs of this breed have a well-defined stop, and their muzzle tapers slightly to their black nose. The lips, as well as the insides of their mouth, are black. They have folded ears that are close to their head, and their eyes are dark brown and almond-shaped. Although muscular, they are not bulky. They have a tucked up lower abdomen, and are agile and light-footed. These dogs have a medium length coat tht can be either slightly wavy or straight, with a thick undercoat, and a mane around their chest and neck. During the winter season, their coat becomes much fuller. Their hair is short on their feet and head, but on their body, it can be as long as four to six inches. These dogs carry their tail low, but it is raised when they are excited or alert. The back of these dogs legs is feathered, and the dewclaws on their rear legs should be removed.
Colours The coat of these dogs is white. Some standards find an ivory coat acceptable, but these are usually not preferred.
Temperament These dogs are very territorial and make excellent guard dogs. Although loyal to their owners, these dogs are also independent and they can be rather aloof. They can also get along well with children in their family, but not with those that they are unfamiliar with. Adult dogs of this breed are aggressive towards other dogs and they will resent other pets in the house. But when they are trained to handle livestock, they tend to be very protective of their charges.
Weight Male dogs of this breed have a height of around 28 to 30 inches and a weight that ranges from 100 to 115 pounds. Females, on the other hand, have a height of 26 to 28 inches, and a weight of approximately 70 to 90 pounds.
Problems The Kuvasz may be susceptible to hip dysplasia. Minor health issues associated with these dogs include osteochondritis dissecans, skin problems, allergies, and hypertrophic osteodystrophy.
Living Conditions Dogs of this breed are not suitable for apartment dwellers. These dogs are fairly active indoors and will do best with a large yard where they can run around and get some exercise. They can live in temperate to cold climates because they enjoy cold weather and will do well just as long as they have a dog house and fresh water.
Requirements It's important for these dogs to be provided with vigorous exercise daily. They should be taken for a long, brisk walk at least once each day.
Training Requirements Harsh training methods should not be used for the Kuvasz. Dogs of this breed are intelligent and can be quite easy to house train. It can be quite difficult to obedience train these dogs because they are independent and were bred to work on their own.
Life Expectancy These dogs can live for around 10 to 12 years.
Grooming The coat of these dogs should be brushed at least once a week. Bathing isn't necessary, because the coat of these dogs shed dirt naturally. It's more advisable for these dogs to be rubbed with talcum powder and then brushed to get the dirt out. The ears of these dogs should be checked for matting.
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