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History The Kunming Dog was created during the early 1950s in an attempt to develop military dogs for use in Yunnan, which has Kunming as its capital. In 1953, a total of 10 dogs were brought to Kunming from a military K9 training program in Beijing. These 10 dogs were found to be insufficient for the immediate need, so 50 other household dogs from Kunming were acquired, as well as 40 similar dogs from Guiyang in Guizhou province. These dogs were trained, and after training, the 20 dogs who were best among the 90 were then selected. These 20 dogs, along with an additional 10 shepherd dogs that were imported from Germany formed the foundation from which the Kunming Dog was developed.
In 1988, the Kunming Dog was officially recognized as a breed by the Chinese Public Security Bureau. Dogs of this breed are now being widely used by the Chinese police and military, and are also utilized as civilian guard dogs and watchdogs. These dogs can also be family pets.
Appearance Kunming Dogs bear a resemblance to German Shepherds, although Kunming Dogs have a shorter coat and stand taller. Their tail is usually carried high when they get excited. These dogs have a round head and a long, narrow muzzle. They have large, triangular ears that are set high on their head. Their neck is thick, with loose skin. They have powerful legs and their feet are small and cat-like. The tail of these dogs is bushy and curls up slightly.
Colours The coat of these dogs feature a black saddle. The rest of their body is covered with other colors that range from light straw to deep rust.
Temperament Powerful and focused, Kunming Dogs make great military dogs. However, even though these dogs are bred to be military dogs, they can also be great pets. Kunming Dogs are friendly and can get along well with children and other dogs if socialized with them right from puppyhood. They are, however, not good with other dominant canines.
Weight The height of Kunming Dogs ranges from 25 to 27 inches, and their weight falls between 66 and 85 pounds.
Problems There are no genetic health problems associated specifically with Kunming Dogs because these dogs underwent careful and selective breeding. The ailments affecting Kunming Dogs are those common to other dog breeds as well.
Living Conditions It's not advisable for these dogs to be kept inside apartments. These dogs need much exercise, so it would be best for them to be provided with a large yard where they can do some physical activities.
Requirements These dogs love being made to do strenuous activities, especially when combined with some kind of training. They like good challenges and being physically and mentally stimulated. They also need to be taken out for long, brisk walks, jogs, or runs daily. If these dogs do not get enough exercise, they may become restless and destructive.
Training Requirements Dogs of this breed are highly intelligent and willing to accept commands. They do well with obedience training and are actually being used by the military and police in China. These dogs should also be socialized properly at an early age. Owners should also make sure that they give these dogs enough exercise along with training. It's also advisable for owners to know how to display strong leadership skills and make the dog understand that humans are higher in pack rank than canines are.
Life Expectancy The life span of these dogs ranges from 12 to 14 years.
Grooming The coat of these dogs is short and needs only little grooming. Owners of Kunming Dogs should just brush their dogs on a regular basis to get rid of loose and dead hairs.
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More Kunming Dog Information: Check out our Kunming Dog Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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