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Origin / History The Koolie is a breed developed from the German Tiger, Blue Merle Collie, and the Black and Tan Collie. The Koolie is said to be a descendant of some Collie types that were taken to Australia for the kennels of Thomas S. Hall. Some believe that Koolies are direct descendants of Thomas Hall's dogs. In case this is true, then the Koolie is among hte oldest Australian breeds.

According to the personal records of older Koolie breeders, this breed has been existing for more than 160 years. During the industrial era, some Koolie bloodlines were mixed with Border Collie and Kelpie blood. The Koolie Club of Australia was formed in 2000 to protect, preserve, and ethnically promote the breed. Unlike other clubs, though, the Koolie Club is not working towards standard recognition because of the notion that doing so would only do more harm to the breed's working future. In 2004, the Koolie was granted recognition by the Australian Sporting Registration and judges from the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC) may judge dogs of this breed in all sporting trials sanctioned by the ANKC.

In various states such as New South Wales, Queensland, and Victoria, registered Koolies can compete in obedience, jumping, herding, gambles, tracking, and dog agility events by registering as members of the Koolie Club of Australia on their state's Sporting Register.

Appearance Koolies are medium-sized dogs that are native to Australia and resemble a cross between a Kelpie and a Border Collie. Their coat can come in different types such as short, smooth, or medium. There are also long-haired Koolies, but these are not common. The eyes of these dogs can also come in different colours such as blue, brown, or black. The Koolie Club of Australia places emphasis on the breed's ability to work and not its conformation.

Colours The coat colours of these dogs include blue, red, and solid red or black. These dogs usually feature merle points.

Temperament Athletic and tireless, Koolies are very energetic dogs. They are faithful and eager to please their owners. These dogs work by herding anything that moves, including people. They also get along well with children. Dogs of this breed can be aggressive with other dogs, but they can get along well with other pets if they've been properly socialized. Koolies must be intellectually stimulated or else they may become bored and destructive.

Height and Weight The height of Koolies range from 15 to 22 inches, and their weight falls between 21 and 44 pounds.

Common Health Problems According to the Koolie Club of Australia, Koolies do not have any genetic disorders, but they may be prone to deafness and blindness because of their Merle gene. These dogs are also athletic, which make them susceptible to joint problems.

Living Conditions Although these dogs can be moderately active when indoors, they are still not recommended for apartment life. It's best for them to be provided with at least a large yard where they can have adequate space to run around and do some physical activities.

Exercise Requirements It's important for these dogs to get plenty of vigorous exercise so that they will stay in shape. These dogs also benefit from having real work to do. Owners should also take these dogs out for long walks or jogs daily to satisfy their primal need for walking. These dogs will not be happy without any exercise or job to do.

Training Requirements These dogs should be trained using consistent and gentle methods. It's also a must for Koolies to undergo proper socialization right from puppyhood.

Life Expectancy Koolies live longer than many other breeds. The average life span of this breed is 18 years, and some specimens are known to have lived for as long as 26 years.

Grooming The coat of these dogs is easy to groom and maintain. Owners just need to brush the coat of these dogs using a firm bristle brush. Bathing these dogs should be done only when necessary.

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