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Curly Coated Retriever

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Group Gun Dogs (KC)

Origin / History Considered to be among the oldest retriever breeds, the Curly Coated retriever has been utilized for retrieving since the late 18th century. Theories state that this breed was probably developed by cross-breeding the St. John's Newfoundland dog with the Old Water Spaniel and the Close Curled English Water Dog. There are also some speculations that the Labrador, Poodle, and Irish Water Spaniels might have made contributions to the breed as well.

These dogs were first exported to America during 1907 and the breed has been granted recognition by the American Kennel Club in 1924. However, these dogs are more popular in New Zealand and Australia than they are in the United States. These dogs perform well in retrieving, hunting, tracking, guarding, watchdogging, competitive obedience, and agility trials.

Appearance Dogs of this breed have large, athletic physiques. Their thick, curly coats protect them from icy water. Only their hocks, faces, and the front areas of their legs are devoid of the curly coat. They have strong backs and muscular limbs. Their heads are wedge-shaped and they have dark noses. They have small ears, and their eyes may be chestnut or black in color.

Colours The only acceptable colors for the coats of these dogs are solid black and solid liver.

Temperament These dogs are loyal and affectionate with their family members. They are eager to please, but they also like going their own way. They are confident and proud. They can be mischievous at times and they do not mature fully until they are about three years of age. These dogs get along well with children, but they can become timid when faced with strangers. These dogs make good watchdogs and they will protect their family if they sense danger. They also possess high intelligence and they are great family companions.

Height and Weight They are 64 - 69 cm in height and weigh between 32 - 39 Kg.

Common Health Problems Like many other breeds, these dogs can get afflicted with hip dysplasia. They are also prone to developing eye problems such as corneal dystrophy, eyelid entropion, eyelid ectropion, cataracts, retinal dysplasia, or distichiasis. Aside from that, these dogs are also susceptible to bloating, epilepsy, cardiac problems, and Glycogen Storage Disease.

Living Conditions These dogs should not be kept inside apartments. They need at least a large yard where they can do some activities and get some exercise. Since they need to be part of a family, they must not be left alone for extremely long periods of time. They are good companions when indoors.

Exercise Requirements Since these dogs have high energy levels, they need activities that will give them the physical and mental stimulation that they need. It would be great if owners could provide their dogs with swimming and retrieving activities. These dogs should also be taken out for long, brisk walks or jogs on a daily basis.

Training Requirements These dogs need to be trained for obedience at a young age. Owners must make use of training methods that are gentle but firm. These dogs will get bored with repetitive training so owners must make sure that they use a variety of exercises to keep the dogs interested. It is also important that these dogs are properly socialized right from puppyhood in order for them to grow up as well-mannered dogs. These dogs can even excel in competitive obedience if they are trained properly.

Life Expectancy The life spans of these dogs range from around 8 to 12 years.

Grooming These dogs are average shedders and their coats need to be brushed regularly when they are shedding. However, since brushing makes the dogs' coats frizzy, owners should wet the coats after brushing so that the curls will resume their natural state. These dogs should be washed, and their coats should also be trimmed with scissors sometimes to tidy up their hairs.

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