Canadian Eskimo Dog
Canadian Eskimo Dog Puppy Dakota at 17 weeks old.
Photo with thanks to Mike Gow
Canadian Eskimo Dog
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Canadian Eskimo Dog
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Group Working Dog (KC)
History Theories state that Thule Inuits were the ones that brought the first Canadian Eskimo Dogs when they migrated to Canada’s Arctic region during 1100 to 1200 A.D. Studies have revealed this breed to be a relative of the Greenland dog, as they have only few significant differences. Canadian Eskimo Dogs were used for finding seals’ breathing holes, for pulling sleds, and even for shielding their masters from polar bears and musk oxen. Explorers preferred having these dogs because of their ability to survive and work even in harsh conditions.
When snowmobiles became popular, the number of Canadian Eskimo Dogs lessened since they weren’t as needed as before. In 1972, there were efforts made to revive the breed as there were only approximately 200 purebreds left. This program saved the breed from extinction, but even so, these dogs are still rare.
Appearance These dogs are athletic and powerful-looking. They have ears that are erect and triangular in shape while their tails are heavily feathered. Their coats are dense and thick, and they have soft undercoats. They also sport thick manes around their necks. Female dogs of this breed are lighter, smaller, finer-boned, and have shorter coats.
Colours Coats of these dogs can come in almost any color. There are white, liver, and even black Canadian Eskimo Dogs. Those that are white in color can also have patches of other colors on their heads or bodies or both. There are many of black and liver Eskimo Dogs that sport white markings on their faces. There are also some that have stripes on their noses.
Temperament These dogs are loyal to their owners since they tend to form deep bonds with their human family. Due to their excitable nature, they are more suitable as companions to adults rather than children. They have stronger prey drives than other breeds do because back when they were still used as sled dogs, they had to hunt for their own food. They are tough, alert, and intelligent.
Weight They are 51 - 69 cm in height and 27 - 41 Kg in weight.
Problems Dogs of this breed do not have very developed immune systems. Owners should make sure that they take their dogs to the veterinarian to have them vaccinated once a year.
Living Conditions These dogs can be kept both indoors and outdoors. Should they be left outside, owners should make sure that they are provided with doghouses with good ventilation. During the winter season, it would be good to put straw on the dog’s sleeping area to keep it warm. If the dog is going to live indoors, owners should make it a point to give it a crate that it can sleep in. It would also be good for these dogs to have at least a large yard where they can run around and do some activities. This yard should have a sturdy fence that is at least six feet in height, though, as these dogs can jump highly and may escape.
Requirements It’s important for these dogs to get enough exercise as they may become destructive when they don’t get enough activity. They will gladly do sled pulling, hiking, weight pulling, and backpacking. Owners must be careful that they don’t overexert their dogs during warm weather.
Training Requirements Since these dogs naturally belong to packs, an owner must make sure that he trains his dogs to see that he is the leader of the pack. He must establish that he is trustworthy, but he should also employ firm training methods. Obedience training must be started at an early age, and the dogs must also be properly socialized while they are still young. Encouragement and positive reinforcement will help the owner achieve good results. With proper training, these dogs will grow up to be well-mannered and well-adjusted.
Life Expectancy Dogs of this breed have life spans that range from around 12 to 13 years.
Grooming Grooming these dogs is pretty easy. When the dogs are shedding, their coats need to be brushed on a daily basis. For the rest of the year, though, brushing their coats for one or two times in a week will be enough. Bathing these dogs should be done only when necessary as doing so may remove the natural oils that protect their coats.
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More Canadian Eskimo Dog Information: Check out our Canadian Eskimo Dog Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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