Bernese Mountain Dog
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Bernese Mountain Dog
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Bernese Mountain Dog
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Group Working Dogs (KC)
History The exact origins of the Bernese Mountain Dog remain to be a mystery, although there are some theories stating that this breed probably started as a farm dog in the mountains of Switzerland. During the remaining years of the 19th century, there were many dogs being imported to Switzerland, thus bringing the fear that native dog breeds might be lost. Franz Schertenleib, Albert Heim, as well as other people, began the effort of finding specimens and stabilizing the Berner Sennenhund as a breed. The Bernese Mountain Dog got its name from the Berne canton of Switzerland, where these dogs are widely known. These dogs are talented when it comes to herding, tracking, carting, watchdogging, competitive obedience, and guarding. They have also been used for search and rescue missions.
Appearance These dogs are heavy, sturdy dogs that boast of a tri-color double coat. Their coats are straight or slightly wavy, and tend to grow to be moderately long. They have triangular ears that are medium-sized, and their eyes are dark with gentle expressions. They sport black noses and bushy, long tails. Their dewclaws must be removed carefully.
Colours These dogs have coats that bear tri-color patterns. A Bernese Mountain Dog's legs, neck, body, ears, and head are solid black, while its stockings, thumbprints, and cheeks are tan or rust-colored. The blaze between its eyes, as well as its chest, muzzle, toes, and tip of the tail are white in color.
Temperament Dogs of this breed are known for having good manners, gentle natures, and loyalty. They can be boisterous and puppy-like as they mature slowly. These are dogs that need human interaction. They can become destructive and downhearted when left along for long periods of time. This, however, does not mean that these dogs need constant attention. They will just be happier knowing that their owners are close to them. Since these dogs tend to be friendly, they aren't the best guard dogs around, but they will still alert their owners when there are strangers approaching their property.
Weight 58.5 - 70 cm in height and 40 - 41 Kg in weight. Males are larger than females and at the top end of the size ranges.
Problems These dogs are considered as hardy and healthy dogs, but they also have health problems. They are susceptible to being afflicted with cancer, they can experience bloating, and they may have eyelid problems. They can also develop elbow dysplasia and hip dysplasia.
Living Conditions Since these dogs have thick coats, warm weather will make them uncomfortable. Thus, they will do better in places where the climate is cool. These dogs will be inactive indoors, which means that prospective owners must take into consideration that these dogs won't be good for living inside apartments. It would be best if they are provided with a large, secure yard.
Requirements Owners should make sure that they do not overexert their puppies. For adult dogs, regular exercise is required. They can be made to walk for up to 5 miles on a daily basis, and they should be given the opportunity to run and play around in a secure area.
Training Requirements Dogs of this breed should be trained using methods of positive reinforcement. They should be properly socialized at a very young age, and they must be discouraged from jumping on people. Since these dogs are eager to please, they may be trained for carting, agility, and competition obedience.
Life ExpectancyThese dogs have shorter lives compared to other dogs having similar size since they only have life spans of around 7 to 9 years.
Grooming This breed is a heavy shedder, but their shedding happens seasonally. Owners must groom their dogs by brushing their coats weekly, taking note that extra care must be given when the dogs are shedding. These dogs can also be bathed or treated with dry shampoo when it is necessary.
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More Bernese Mountain Dog Information: Check out our Bernese Mountain Dog Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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