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History At the start of the 20th century, English Toy Terriers were among the most popular dogs in Russia. Between 1920 and 1950, though, the shipping of these dogs was nearly stopped and the dogs declined in number. It was only in the mid-1950s that breeders started breeding programs to bring back the breed. Almost all the dogs used in these breeding programs had no pedigrees; many of them weren't purebloods. The standards established for the Toy Terrier differed from the standards of the English Toy Terrier in various aspects.
In 1958, a male dog with fringes on its limbs and ears was born. Breeders then decided to keep this characteristic and bred more dogs like it. The specific selection process of these dogs paved the way for the creation of the Russian Toy Terrier, which comes in two types: smooth-haired and longhaired. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale has granted recognition to this breed.
Appearance Russian Toy Terriers look similar to Chihuahuas. As one of the smallest breeds in the world, nearly everything about the Russian Toy Terrier may be described as tiny or little. Only the eyes of these dogs can be referred to as large. The short, square muzzle of these dogs sports a tiny black nose. One of the distinctive features of these dogs is their ears, which are quite big and stand straight up. The neck of these dogs is long, and they have skinny legs leading to their little feet. The lips of these dogs are lean, tight, and thin. Their teeth are small, white, and meet in a scissors bite. The coat of these dogs can either be longhaired or smooth-haired.
Colours The acceptable coat colours for this breed include red, black and tan, and sable. These dogs can also have markings of white colour on their toes and chest.
Temperament Russian Toy Terriers are trustful, intelligent, and loving dogs that make excellent family companions. These dogs tend to be loyal to their family members. Active and lively, these dogs are not vicious or shy. They are fun to work with and will do well in agility trials. They also get along well with children, strangers, and other animals.
Weight The height of Russian Toy Terriers ranges from 8 to 10 inches, and their weight falls between 3 and 6 pounds.
Problems There are no health problems that are specific to this breed. The ailments affecting Russian Toy Terriers are those common to other dog breeds as well.
Living Conditions These dogs can be kept inside apartments just as long as they are given enough exercise. It would still be good for them, though, to have a yard where they can do some physical activities.
Requirements Play sessions will take care of a lot of the exercise needs of these dogs, but they should still be taken out on a long, daily walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more prone to developing behavior problems.
Training Requirements As intelligent dogs, Russian Toy Terriers are easy to train. Owners should, however, make sure that they train these dogs with consistency, firmness, and confidence. It's important for these dogs to understand and see that humans are higher in pack rank than canines. Otherwise, they might develop behavior problems.
Life Expectancy Due to the rarity of Russian Toy Terriers, their life span remains unknown.
Grooming Short-haired dogs of this breed should be brushed occasionally or wiped with a damp cloth. Russian Toy Terriers with a long coat must be brushed daily by using a soft bristle brush. Both varieties need to be bathed approximately once every month. The ears of these dogs should also be checked regularly, and their nails need to be trimmed.
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More Toy Terriers Information: Check out our Toy Terriers Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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