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Karelian Bear Dog

Karelian Bear Dog
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Origin / History In northern Europe, there is an area that was once known as Karelia, where tough, big-game hunting canines can be found. Thousands of years ago, many of these canines were bred in Karelia and these dogs were said to have followed the first settlers to Finland. These hardy, big-game hunting dogs were very essential to the early tribes because these people only ate what they could hunt.

The Karelian Bear Dog bears many similarities to the Russo-European Laika. It evolved in Finland and are used by elk hunters throughout that country, as well as in Norway and Sweden. In 1936, dogs of this breed were exhibited at a dog show in Helsinki. After the second World War, though, these dogs were nearly extinct. Modern Karelian Bear Dogs are descendants of the 40 specimens saved once the war was over. During the 1960s, the number of these dogs declined, but they are now being bred in many European countries and in North America

Appearance Karelian Bear Dogs are strong-boned, well-built dogs that are moderately sized. They have a well-developed back and a sturdy body. The undercoat of these dogs is dense and soft, while their outer coat is stiff and straight. Dogs of this breed resemble Laikas. Karelians also have a head that looks similar to a blunt wedge. They have small eyes that sport an intelligent and alert expression. Their ears are small and point slightly outward. The jaws of these dogs are powerful, and their tail is long and curls over their back in a Spitz arch.

Colours The coat of these dogs must be black with distinct white markings on the neck, belly, legs, chest, and head. For show dogs, white specks in the black are unacceptable. The hairs on the coat of these dogs sometimes seem iridescent because the tips of the hair turn brown due to exposure to the sun.

Temperament Like other breeds that were developed for hunting game, the Karelian Bear Dog is independent and forceful. If dogs of this breed are let out on their own, they will instinctively go hunting. When they are trained properly, these dogs make excellent family companions. They are very protective of and loyal to their family. Being territorial, these dogs will fight to keep their territory.

Height and Weight These dogs have a height that ranges from 19 to 23 inches and a weight that falls between 44 and 50 pounds.

Common Health Problems Dogs of this breed are fairly healthy and have no known genetic health problems. The ailments affecting this breed are those common to other types of dogs.

Living Conditions Karelian Bear Dogs are not supposed to be kept inside apartments. It's best for these dogs to be provided with acreage or be kept in a farm where they can run around. These dogs don't like being confined. They can, however, be kept in an outdoor kennel as long as they are given many chances to do some physical activities.

Exercise Requirements These dogs are very energetic and should be given sufficient exercise. They should be taken out for at least an hour of brisk walking every day. When not provided with enough exercise, these dogs may get bored and become destructive.

Training Requirements It’s important for these dogs to be trained and socialized properly at a young age. Owners of these dogs should be able to display strong leadership skills and teach the dogs that humans are higher in pack rank than canines.

Life Expectancy These dogs live for approximately 10 to 12 years.

Grooming The coat of these dogs is easy to groom and maintain. Owners just need to comb the coat of these dogs during the shedding season using a metal comb.

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