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History The ancestors of the Karakachan come from central Asia, specifically the Iran and Afghanistan area. Dogs of this breed are descendants of the dogs of the Thracians, which are the oldest settlers of the Balkan peninsula. The Proto-Bulgarians also played a big role in the development of the Karakachan Dog because they brought their dogs with them during their migration from Hindu Kush and Pamir.
The breed is named after the Karakachans, who are the nomadic shepherds that are of Thracian origin. Because of the conservative stock breeding traditions maintained by these people, they were able to preserve several of the oldest domestic animal breeds in Europe, which include the Karakachan horse, dog, and sheep. The Karakachan Dog is a mountain sheep dog. It also goes by the name of Bulgarian Shepherd Dog or Karakachan Shepherd.
Appearance Karakachans are large, very muscular dogs. They have a broad, massive muzzle that is medium in length. Their eyes are dark in colour, are deeply placed, and can be very expressive. The nose of these dogs has broad nostrils and is black in colour. Karakachans have strong teeth that meet in a scissors bite. The ears of these dogs are placed highly on their head. They have a deep and broad chest. Their tail is curved in a way similar to that of a sickle. The coat of these dogs have a length that ranges from medium long to long. More than its appearance, though, Karakachans are known for their slow movement.
Colours The coat colour of these dogs varies, but it is mostly white with asymmetrical, large brown or black spots on the facial area and at the base of the tail. There are Karakachans that feature a coat that is solid black or solid white, but these dogs are not considered purebred dogs.
Temperament These dogs are working guard dogs, and they are not happy when they aren't given work to do. These dogs tend to become loyal to their master, and they form strong bonds with the children in the family. Prospective owners must keep in mind, though, that these dogs are not supposed to be home dogs. They are best kept on a farm where they can make use of their guarding skills. These dogs are domineering and proud.
Weight Male dogs of this breed have a height that ranges from 26 to 30 inches and a weight that falls between 99 and 125 pounds. Females, on the other hand, are 25 to 28 inches tall, and 88 to 114 pounds heavy.
Problems Not much research has been done regarding the health problems associated with this breed. Due to this, Karakachans currently have no known genetic health concerns.
Living Conditions Dogs of this breed are not recommended for apartment life. It's best for these dogs to be kept in a clean, country environment. Karakachans should also be provided with a yard where they can do some physical activities.
Requirements It's important for these dogs to get plenty of exercise. They're happiest when they have a job to do. They should, however, still be taken out for long, brisk walks daily.
Training Requirements Training these dogs may be challenging and they are not recommended for individuals who are simply looking for home dogs. It's best for these dogs to undergo obedience training and proper socialization at an early age. Owners should also be able to display strong leadership skills and let the dogs know that humans are higher in pack rank than canines.
Life Expectancy Karakachans are expected to live for around 12 to 14 years.
Grooming The coat of these dogs should be brushed at least once every two to three days. Karakachans should be bathed only when they smell bad or are very dirty already. Frequent bathing can strip the natural oils off the coat of these dogs.
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More Karakachan Information: Check out our Karakachan Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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