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History The Kangal Dog is an ancient breed named after the Kangal District located in the Sivas Province of central Turkey, where the breed probably originated. Dogs of this breed are said to be related to the mastiff-type dogs that are found in early Assyrian art. The breed is also associated with the family of Aga (or ruler) of Kangal. Most dogs of this breed were developed to guard flocks of sheep and goats from predators such as jackals, bears, and wolves. Despite the regional origin of the Kangal Dog, it is considered as the national dog of Turkey. Academic institutions as well as the government of Turkey operate breeding kennels in which Kangal Dogs are developed and carefully maintained. The Kangal Dog has even been featured on Turkey's coins and postage stamps.
In 1985, an American couple took this breed to the United States. The dog they took, as well as subsequent imports, became the foundation for the Kangal Dog breed in the United States. The Kangal Dog Club of America is seeking to ease import restrictions regarding dogs of this breed because new dogs are needed for the development of this breed in the United States.
Appearance Kangal Dogs are large, powerful, and heavy-boned. They have a large head that is moderately wide, and they are slightly longer than they are tall. Their ears and muzzle are black, and their tail is curled and is carried high. These dogs sport a double coat that has short, dense hair.
Colours The coat of these dogs range in colour from light tan to gray. These dogs also have a black mask and black ears.
Temperament Being a stock guardian dog, the Kangal Dog is territorial, alert, and protective of its family and their domestic animals. Dogs of this breed are fast, courageous, and strong enough to block and confront threats to the flocks of sheep and goats that they guard. Although these dogs use intimidation first, they are prepared to fight and attack other predators in case it's necessary. Kangal Dogs are also wary of dogs that they aren't familiar with. With human strangers, these dogs are slightly reserved, but when they're with their family, they are affectionate and remain loyal.
Weight Male dogs of this breed have a height that ranges from 30 to 32 inches and a weight that falls between 110 and 145 pounds. Females have a height of 28 to 30 inches and a weight of 90 to 120 pounds.
Problems These dogs do not have any genetic health problems. The ailments that affect these dogs are those common to other dog breeds as well.
Living Conditions Dogs of this breed are not supposed to be kept inside apartments. These dogs tend to be relatively inactive indoors and should be provided with at least a large yard. It's also important for the yard to have secure fencing, because these dogs tend to wander and may be aggressive to other dogs and human intruders.
Requirements It's important for these dogs to get both physical and mental stimulation. Dogs of this breed that are provided with acreage can get exercise by patrolling the property. Those that are kept in small yards, on the other hand, need to be taken out for long walks, jogs, or runs daily. If these dogs are not provided with adequate exercise, they may become challenging to handle.
Training Requirements Kangal Dogs should undergo basic obedience training at a young age. It's also important for these dogs to be socialized well from puppyhood onwards.
Life Expectancy The life span of these dogs range from 12 to 15 years.
Grooming Kangal dogs are seasonal, heavy shedders that shed twice a year. During shedding season, owners have to brush the coat of these dogs thoroughly at least once every day. For the rest of the year, these dogs need to be brushed only on an occasional basis.
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