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History The Estonian Hound is the only dog breed developed in Estonia. Due to the breed’s origins, many people consider the Estonian Hound as the national breed of Estonia. Before the year 1914, the only hunting dogs used in Estonia were Russian-Polish Hounds and English Fox Hounds. When these two types were crossed, there were various kinds of local hounds produced that can be found only in this country. During the 1920s, Finnish Hounds were brought to Estonia and the local hounds were bred with them. As a result, the working abilities and the appearance of the local hounds were modified.
On the first of July 1934, a law was passed that started the breeding of the Estonian Hound. Swiss Hounds, Bern Hounds, Luzern Hounds and Beagles were bred with the local hounds of Estonia to develop a breed that had the right appearance and working ability. The result of the crossings done became the foundation for the Estonian Hound. On the 27th of December 1954, the breed's standard was approved by the Main Government of National Parks and Hunting Economy of the Agriculture Ministry of the Soviet Union.
Appearance Estonian Hounds are medium-sized dogs with well-developed muscles and a strong bone structure. The skin of these dogs is tight, and their coat is rough, short and shiny. They have an undercoat, but it is weakly developed. Their tail is covered with thick hair. These dogs have eyes that are dark brown in colour, and eyelids that have dark corners. They have a skull that is slightly rounded and a muzzle that is medium-sized and well-proportioned to the head. Their nose is black, and they have teeth that meet in a level or scissors bite. The neck of these dogs is well-muscled, short, and round. These dogs have a deep and broad chest. Their back is broad, straight and muscular.
Colours These dogs are usually black and tan, but they can also have red patches and a saddle-like patch on their back. The tip of their tail, as well as their legs, is usually white.
Temperament Dogs of this breed are often pleasant and happy. They are smart and calm and have an active temperament. These dogs are friendly and are not aggressive, although they should be exposed to new things to keep them from shying away from new situations and things. Estonian Hounds are good with other canines and can get along well with cats if raised with them from a young age. These dogs also need human companionship and love spending time with their owners.
Weight The height of Estonian Hounds range from 17 to 21 inches, and their weight falls between 33 and 44 pounds.
Problems There are no known health problems that are specific to this breed.
Living Conditions These dogs may be relatively inactive indoors so its best if they are provided with at least an average-sized yard where they can do some physical activities.
Requirements Estonian Hounds need much exercise and should be taken on long walks daily. When walking the dog in places where there are cars, it's best to keep the dogs on a leash.
Training Requirements Dogs of this breed are fairly easy to train, but it's important for owners to start training them early. It's also advisable for these dogs to be socialized well at an early age.
Life Expectancy Estonian Hounds have a life span that ranges from 12 to 15 years.
Grooming The short coat of these dogs is easy to groom. Owners just need to brush the coat of these dogs on a regular basis to help in the shedding process. Bathing these dogs should be done only when necessary.
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More Estonian Hound Information: Check out our Estonian Hound Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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