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History The Chinook is a northern breed that has been developed from just one type of ancestor. The father of this breed, named Chinook, was born on Arthur Walden's farm in New Hampshire during the year 1917. It's mother was a northern Husky and the father was a large dog with mixed breeding. It was very surprising for the breeders to see that the dog resembled neither the father nor the mother. This dog worked excellently as a sled dog and even got to accompany Admiral Byrd during his South Pole expedition in 1927.
The Chinook's offspring were bred for the purpose of combining the speed of smaller racing sled dogs with the strength imminent in large freight dogs. In 1966, the Chinook was recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the rarest dog breed. To this day, dogs of this breed are still rare, although there are several groups who keep breeding these dogs to keep the breed from dying out completely. In 1991, the Chinook was granted recognition by the United Kennel Club. There are also several organizations that are trying to improve the recognition, development, and popularity of Chinooks.
Appearance Chinooks have a well-muscled, compact frame. Their body is balanced and well-proportioned. The skin of these dogs is tight and they have no wrinkles around the head. These dogs have a strong muzzle and a furrow that can be found from their stop to their occiput. Their nostrils are large and broad, while their teeth are powerful and meet in a scissors bite. These dogs have almond-shaped eyes that are medium-sized and dark brown in colour. The feet of these dogs are covered with fur, and they have webbed toes. Their tail is left naturally and shouldn't be docked. The coat of these dogs consists of a soft, dense undercoat and a close-fitting, rough outer coat. They also have thick hair around their neck that forms a ruff.
Colours The coat of these dogs is tawny (golden fawn).
Temperament Chinooks are hardworking and they take their work seriously. These dogs are calm and friendly. They may be reserved around strangers, but they are not aggressive towards other canines. Chinooks get used to their surroundings and their lifestyle, which is why they won't be comfortable with sudden changes either. These dogs can get along well with children. They also need human companionship and they need to be treated as part of the family.
Weight Male Chinooks have a height that ranges from 23 to 27 inches and a weight of approximately 70 pounds. Female dogs of this breed are 21 to 25 inches and have an average weight of 55 pounds.
Problems Generally, this breed is considered healthy. There is, however, a small portion of the breed's population that has been afflicted with seizures, hormonal skin problems, spondylosis, eye abnormalities, hip dysplasia, and mono/bilateral cryptorchidism.
Living Conditions These dogs can be kept inside apartments just as long as owners take the time to walk their dogs daily and provide them with the exercise they need. It's also important for these dogs to have their human family around them because lack of human companionship can give them separation anxiety. It's important for these dogs to be treated as family members.
Requirements Chinooks need moderate exercise and should be taken out for walks every day. Once these dogs get the exercise they need, they will rest or entertain themselves.
Training Requirements Dogs of this breed need to be trained using methods of positive reinforcement. These dogs are intelligent and are fairly easy to train. It's also important for owners to train these dogs for obedience at an early age.
Life Expectancy The life span of these dogs is approximately 10 to 15 years.
Grooming Although the coat of these dogs require very little grooming, there are some specimens of this breed that happen to be heavy shedders. Owners should take the time to brush the coat of their dogs regularly to help in the shedding process.
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More Chinook Information: Check out our Chinook Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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