Canadian Inuit Dog
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Canadian Inuit Dog
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Canadian Inuit Dog
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History The Canadian Inuit Dog, also called Canadian Eskimo Dog, is a very old dog breed that has been in existence for at least 4000 years already. Dogs of this breed were first bred by the Thule people. Researches show that the Canadian Inuit Dog is a relative of the Greenland Dog. In fact, very few significant genetic differences have been found to exist between the two breeds.
Although many people assume that the Canadian Inuit Dog is a wolf-dog hybrid, genetic tests have revealed that these dogs do not have recent wolf ancestry. During the 1800s and early 1900s, Canadian Inuit Dogs were widely used for polar expeditions. Due to the invention of snowmobiles, though, Canadian Inuit Dogs rapidly declined in number because people chose to use snowmobiles instead. During the 1920s, the breed gained recognition from both the American Kennel Club and the Canadian Kennel Club. In 1959, though, the American Kennel Club dropped the Canadian Inuit dog from its registry due to the breed's extremely low numbers.
This breed was very close to becoming extinct, but the Eskimo Dog Research Foundation revived it. This foundation was founded by John McGrath and William Carpenter in 1972. Members of this foundation began breeding Canadian Inuit Dogs to keep them from dying out completely.
Appearance Canadian Inuit Dogs must be powerfully built and athletic. These dogs possess a physique that gives off the impression that they are meant for doing hard work. Dogs of this breed have triangular ears that stand erect on their head. They also have a tail that is heavily feathered and is carried over their back. Males look distinctly more masculine than females because females are smaller and finer-boned. The coat of these dogs is dense and thick. They also have a soft undercoat and they have a mane of fur around their neck.
Colours Dogs of this breed can come in almost any colour, except for solid black, solid fawn, or brindle. Most Canadian Inuit Dogs are white with patches of a different colour on their head. These dogs can be pure white, but they should not be albino.
Temperament The Canadian Inuit Dog is tough, loyal, brave, alert, and intelligent. They are gentle and affectionate, often developing a strong bond with its owner. These dogs are more suitable companions for adults rather than children because they can be over-excitable.
Weight Male dogs of this breed are 23 to 27.5 inches high, while females are 19.5 to 23.5 inches high. Males weigh 66 to 88 pounds, and females weigh in the range of 40 to 66 pounds.
Problems Dogs of this breed have no known genetic health problems. They may, however, get afflicted with ailments that are common to all kinds of dogs.
Living Conditions These dogs are best kept in places with cold climates. They don't do well in warm areas because they are susceptible to heatstroke. These dogs are not recommended for city life. They do best in the country and are more comfortable staying outdoors rather than indoors.
Requirements Canadian Inuit Dogs need much exercise. They should be taken out for long walks daily. These dogs should also be given much work to do because they were bred to be working dogs. Their need for hard work makes them suitable for carting, skijoring, and mushing.
Training Requirements Owners won't have a hard time training these dogs because they are very submissive and intelligent. It's important to keep in mind, though, that these dogs may exert dominance over humans, so owners must display strong leadership skills.
Life Expectancy These dogs are expected to live for around 12 to 13 years.
Grooming Dogs of this breed are easy to groom. Owners just need to brush the coat of their dogs once or twice a week. During shedding season, though, owners should brush the coat of their dogs at least once a day.
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More Canadian Inuit Dog Information: Check out our Canadian Inuit Dog Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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