Appenzell Mountain Dog
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Appenzell Mountain Dog
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Appenzell Mountain Dog
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History There are two theories that attempt to explain the origin of the Appenzell Mountain Dog. One of the theories state that the Appenzell Mountain Dog is a native breed that has already been in existence since the Bronze Age. The second theory, however, postulates that the breed is a descendant of the Molossus and was brought by the Romans to Switzerland.
One thing is for sure, though: the Appenzell Mountain Dog is one of the four Swiss Sennenhunds; the other three being the Bernese Mountain Dog, Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, and Entlebucher Mountain Dog. Among the four, the Appenzell Mountain Dog is the rarest. An excellent herder, this breed is tireless and can adapt to various kinds of terrain. Dogs of this breed are also used for cart pulling and guarding.
Appearance Although it is muscular, the Appenzell Mountain Dog is not massive. Dogs of this breed are hardy and well-built animals, and they function as versatile working dogs. These dogs have a flat, wide head, and their muzzle is tapered and with a black nose. They have dark and small eyes. The chest of these dogs is prominent and wide. The teeth of Appenzell Mountain Dogs form a scissors bite. These dogs have pendant ears and a tail that is carried up on its back. They have straight limbs and a square build. Appenzell Mountain Dogs have a short double coat that is thick, glossy and tight.
Colours The coat colours of this breed include brown or black with symmetrical rust and white markings. The head must sport a white blaze and rust marking, which should be found over the eyes. The rust marking should always be between the black and white.
Temperament Affectionate and charming, Appenzell Mountain Dogs make great family dogs. They get along well with children, and they're fine with other dogs. They can even mix well with livestock and other household animals if they've been socialized with them at a young age. Appenzell Mountain Dogs may be a little wary of strangers, but they greet family and friends enthusiastically. Dogs of this breed are loyal to all their family members, although they tend to have a favorite person.
Weight Male dogs of this breed have a height of 22 to 23 inches, while females are 18 to 20 inches high. Appenzell Mountain Dogs weigh between 49 and 70 pounds.
Problems Being a fairly healthy breed, these dogs have no known genetic health problems.
Living Conditions Dogs of this breed are not supposed to be kept inside apartments. It's best for Appenzell Mountain Dogs to be provided with acreage where they can run freely. Dogs of this breed that aren't provided with acreage need additional attention. These dogs love to bark, so they're not advisable in areas with nearby neighbors.
Requirements Appenzell Mountain Dogs must be exercised every day. These dogs are working dogs and when they are not given enough work to do, they can become high-strung and destructive. It's best for these dogs to be taken out for long daily walks or jogs. It's still best, though, for these dogs to be given work to do.
Training Requirements These dogs respond best to even-tempered, firm and consistent training. It's important for these dogs to be socialized well with different kinds of situations, people, and animals at an early age. Appenzell Mountain Dogs are fast learners, partly because they are highly intelligent, but also because they enjoy having something to do. These dogs need firm and confident owners who will make them understand that humans are higher in pack rank than the dog.
Life Expectancy The life span of these dogs is approximately 12 to 13 years.
Grooming Appenzell Mountain Dogs have a coat that is easy to groom. Owners just need to brush the coat of these dogs using a firm brush to help remove dead hairs. Bathing these dogs should be done only when necessary. The ears of these dogs should also be checked for regularly and kept clean to avoid infection.
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More Appenzell Mountain Dog Information: Check out our Appenzell Mountain Dog Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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