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History The Pekingese is one of the oldest breeds in the world, having been around as early as the 8th century during China’s Tang Dynasty. It was believed to be a descendant of Fu Lin, a Chinese sacred lion, and was known for a long time as the Lion Dog of China. It was so revered, in fact, that they could only be owned by emperors and the elite throughout much of Chinese history.
The breed reached Western shores in the late 1800s after the Second Opium War. European troops ordered all the dogs to be killed, but five survived and were later taken by British royals (one of them was Queen Victoria, who named the dog Looty). The Dowager Empress Cixi also presented the breed to a number of prominent Americans. The Pekingese was finally recognized in the United States in 1909 and has since become one of the most popular toy dogs.
Appearance The Pekingese has a long, flowing coat and large, round eyes. The face is noticeably flat and the ears long and feathered. Heights range from 6 to 9 inches. It is surprisingly heavy for its size; its body is compact and muscular
Colours All coat colors are accepted, but the most common are gold, red, and sable. White, cream, black, tan, and grey can also appear.
Temperament Pekes can be very jealous, especially with children and other pets. It is not uncommon for a Peke to skip meals just to let you know it’s not happy. But when they’re in a good mood, they can be very entertaining and playful. They get along well with children, as long as they are not handled too roughly. They also make excellent watchdogs—they’re very loud and will bark at the sight of a stranger or anything unusual.
Weight 15 - 23 cm in height and 2.75 - 5.5 Kg in weight.
Problems Because of their size, Pekes are prone to colds, heart and lung problems, and birthing difficulties. Their weight can also put strain on their relatively short legs, which can dislocate their kneecaps or cause herniated disks. This can be prevented by keeping the dog’s weight under control.
Living Conditions The Pekingese will do well indoors and is well suited for apartment life. They are not very active indoors, but they can be hard to control when you do take them out. Owners with yards should not leave them out alone, as they can easily crawl under fences or bushes. They don’t stand up well against extreme temperatures and should be given proper shelter throughout the year. Most important is that its in the company of its owners.
Requirements Pekes will happily lounge around the house all day, but like any other dog, they need their share of physical activity. Indoor games will keep them active but will not take care of all their exercise needs. Daily walks on a leash are encouraged; Pekes enjoy walking and can go as far as four miles without tiring out.Beware of any breathing problems and possibility of overheating.
Training Requirements Training a Peke can be difficult, as they can be very strong-willed and stubborn. This breed calls for “respect training”—establishing dominance and showing them who’s boss. Otherwise, they won’t even look up when you call them, even for feeding. Training should start at a young age and continue into early adulthood.
Life Expectancy Training a Peke can be difficult, as they can be very strong-willed and stubborn. This breed calls for “respect training”—establishing dominance and showing them who’s boss. Otherwise, they won’t even look up when you call them, even for feeding. Training should start at a young age and continue into early adulthood.
Grooming Pekes require a lot of grooming; they should be brushed daily and kept clean at all times. Matting can be difficult at the belly and hindquarters, so extra attention should be given to these parts. The feet and mouth should be cleaned regularly to keep food and dirt from sticking to the hairs. If the dog is kept as a house pet, the coat can be cut shorter for easier grooming.
CompleteDogsGuide Comment A good companion dog for owners who can spare it attention and some fun time and importantly attend to its daily grooming requirements.
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More Pekingese Information: Check out our Pekingese Clubs and links to more informative websites dedicated to the breed.
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